Peter Verstraten | ‘In the script it is written, and on the screen, it’s pictures’: (Min)achting voor adaptaties

Written by on June 15th, 2014 // Filed under 20.2 Literatuur en Film

Abstract

Insofar as film is considered a storytelling medium, it is often compared unfavourably to literature. A film adaptation of a book is generally bedevilled by the so-called fidelity issue: is the film capable of imitating the ‘original’ tone of the novel? If not, then the film is regarded as a disappointment. This article aims to circumvent the hierarchy that tends to privilege literature over cinema. The first impulse consists of a return to the writings of film theoretician André Bazin who argued that the relatively young medium of film, in order to develop its ‘language’, should ‘digest’ influences from literature and theatre. The second impulse concerns a reading of Jean-Luc Godard’s film Le Mépris (Contempt), from 1963, based upon a novel by Alberto Moravia that satirizes the film industry. The plot is about the failure to adapt Homer’s Odyssey to the screen, but the irony is that the Greek classical story is nevertheless realized via a detour in the disintegration of the marriage of the present-day couple. At the same time, Godard had to give in to the demands of his producers, but time and again he does so in such an oblique way that the film, which superficially looks like a big-budget movie, becomes a satire of the film industry. Hence, Le Mépris is not an attempt to ‘translate’ the content of the book, but a deliberate and creative mis-translation that ‘digests’ literature in order to criticize the conditions under which the film is made. Thanks to the many double entendres and smart devices of Le Mépris, a ‘novel for a train journey’ is transformed into a superb metafilm.

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