Author’s Guidelines


  1. The Frame editorial board decides if and when an article will be published. The board also reserves the right to refuse publication of an article.
  2. The board reserves the right to modify manuscripts during final editing. The author will be asked to check and if necessary augment these changes before publication.


In order to facilitate the final editing of an article, authors are kindly requested to adhere to the following formatting guidelines. These guidelines are based on the assumption that the author uses Microsoft Word as default text editor. In other cases, please adhere to these guidelines when applicable.

  1. The author is not bound to using a specific font type and/or markup. However, s/he should use the default setting as provided by Microsoft Word, regardless of how this default might be configured in her/his specific case.
  2. Please do not use any additional markup, i.e. leave the paragraph alignment, line spacing, font size, etc., to its default settings. The exceptions to this guideline are the following:
    • the title and subtitle of the article as well as paragraph headings within the article should be in bold
    • titles of books, periodicals etc., mentioned in the text should be italicized (see also Quotations and References)
    • emphasized words, phrases, etc., within the article should be italicized
    • words or phrases cited as linguistic examples, words referred to as words and foreign words should be italicized

Quotations and References

The guidelines concerning quotations and references are based on the MLA style convention described in MLA.
The most common basic guidelines are explained below. When in doubt, please consult the Style Manual.

  1. Titles of books, periodicals, etc., mentioned in the text should be italicized; titles of articles, chapters in books, etc., should be put between double quotation marks.
  2. Quotations running no more than four lines should appear between double quotation marks. Longer quotations should be set off from the text using white lines; use no quotation marks.
  3. References to cited or paraphrased works should be placed between parentheses in the text. The information should include the author’s last name and the page number of the work cited. Include the first name of the author in case of two authors with the same last name. Place a comma and (an abbreviated version of) the title of the work in case of two works by the same author; format the title following the guidelines below. Author, title, or page number can be omitted from the reference if clearly identified in the text.
  4. The basic entry in the alphabetical list of works cited should be formatted as follows:
    • For books and other nonperiodicals: [Author]. [Title]. [Place of publication]: [Publisher], [Date of publication]. [Print].
    • For parts of books, articles in anthologies etc.: [Author]. “[Title].” [Title of book, anthology]. Ed. [Editor’s name]. [Place of publication]: [Publisher], [Date of publication]. [Page numbers]. [Print].
    • For articles in periodicals etc.: [Author]. “[Title].” [Title of periodical] [Volume number] ([Year]): [Page numbers]. [Print].
    • For online articles etc.: [Author]. “[Title].” [Title of periodical] [Volume number] ([Year]): [Page numbers]. [Name of database]. [Web]. [Date of access]. <[If the reader cannot find the article without the URL, provide it here]>.


Every article should be accompanied by an abstract in English of approximately 100 words, as well as a short biography of the author containing year of birth, field of study, institutional affiliations, major publications, etc., in approximately 30 words.