Jeroen Dera | De lachspiegels van Transvaal: Braakensieks prenten over de Boerenoorlog in De Amsterdammer (Masterclass)

22.1 Life and Narrative

Abstract

The Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) resulted in a great many
cultural expressions, which gained much attention of scholars. Up to now, however, political prints about the war have not been analysed extensively. Nevertheless, they are an interesting topic for literary studies. The prints that were published in De
Amsterdammer by the Dutch artist Johan Coenraad Braakensiek show
us to what extent the boundary line between life and narrative is blurred in literature. By considering prints as collages of words and images, as clutters of intertexts and as residues of ideologies, it is shown how they act upon a reality by which they are formed themselves.

Full PDF

October 5th, 2014

Aleksandra Rychlicka | Remembering What Should Be Forgotten: The Case of the Katyn Massacre (Masterclass)

22.1 Life and Narrative

Abstract

This article focuses on the issue of imposed silence and its influence on collective memory. It attempts to contribute to current discussions on how memory can be preserved through the use of cultural media. The case study of the Katyn massacre, a mass slaughter committed in 1943 on Polish officers and intellectuals by the Soviets, demonstrates that imposed silence can be defeated in the realm of aesthetics. The paper claims that the remembrance of this crime was in fact strengthened by the imposed silence and became one of the strongest factors in building collective identity in post-war Poland.

Full PDF

October 5th, 2014

Isis Butôt | L’Amour, la fantasia: Writing the Self through the Lost Collective (Masterclass)

22.1 Life and Narrative

Abstract

With L’Amour, la fantasia, the Algerian author Assia Djebar
made her first attempt at writing her autobiography, only to realize that the very language she uses – that of the former colonizer – imposes not just personal but also collective memories on her that ask for recollection: in order to write the self,
she has to retrieve a collective that seems lost to her. Using Halbwach’s theory about social frameworks, this essay seeks to explore the links between personal and collective memory, and how for this author they are intimately linked to each other by language.

Full PDF

October 5th, 2014

Ann Rigney | Embodied and Remembered Lives

22.1 Life and Narrative

Abstract

This article approaches the theme of ‘life and narrative’ from the perspective of cultural memory studies and argues for a less individualized approach to the analysis of narrative self-fashioning. It uses the case of Bobby Sands, who died on hunger strike in Northern Ireland in 1981, as an example of the complex interactions between embodied and remembered lives, and between individual and collective identities. It shows how Sands modeled himself on the remembered lives of predecessors within the Republican tradition and how he, in turn, has been memorialized as an icon of that tradition.

Full PDF

October 5th, 2014

Jürgen Pieters & Julie Rogiest | Self-fashioning in de vroegmoderne literatuuren cultuurgeschiedenis: genese en ontwikkeling van een concept

22.1 Life and Narrative

Abstract

This article takes as its starting point the prominent use of Stephen Greenblatts concept of ‘selffashioning’ in the recent work of a number of Dutch Early Modernists. Our text’s main aim is to point out the notion’s dual conceptual background. On be traced back in Greenblatts work to a number of prototypical humanist reflections on human identity (Pico, Castiglione,
Machiavelli), while on the other hand his analysis of these reflections is clearly indebted to Althussers and Foucaults poststructuralist work on processes of subjectification. By elaborately drawing attention to the genealogy of Greenblatts notion, we hope to make clear that the use to which it is generally put in the Low Countries involves a severe reduction of both its historical and conceptual potential.

Full PDF

October 5th, 2014

Machteld de Caluwé & Koen Rymenants | Leven en sterven van Rembrandt: De fictionele biografie tussen geschiedenis en psychologie

22.1 Life and Narrative

Abstract

This article discusses three Dutch fictional biographies about the painter Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669): Rembrandt (1931)
by Theun de Vries, Hendrickje Stoffels: Roman uit het leven
van Rembrandt (1936) by Rovan Oven and Licht en schaduw: De roman van Rembrandt’s leven (1942) by Ch. Huygens. A comparative analysis of these novels’ dominant modes of consciousness
representation, their paratextual presentation and their use of motifs referring to Rembrandt’s painting demonstrates that they deal with the tension between fiction and biography in divergent ways. Thus, it is shown that even fairly conventional examples of fictional biography occupy different positions both within the genre itself and in a wider literary system, e.g. in relation to the historical and the psychological novel. In addition, the analysis demonstrates the use value of various theories of fictional biography (Ina Schabert, Dorrit Cohn, Ansgar Nünning).

Full PDF

October 5th, 2014

Solange Leibovici | Over narrativiteit en fictionalisering in de (auto)biografische ruimte

22.1 Life and Narrative

Abstract

Stories on people’s lifes play an ever growing part in postmodernism. This article discusses the way narrativity relates three fields: the autobiographical, the historical, and the psychological. Creative processes create accounts of happenings in which narrative structures are introduced en a story takes form. More interesting, however, are the moments in which narrativity is broken through and fictionalization happens. This takes place in every form of autobiographical and biographical writing, whether it is literature, ego documents or historiography. The narrative voice then becomes an unknowable,
ingraspable transpersonal authority that speaks from a ‘transitional’ space: a complex mixture of pieces of memories, dreams, desires, and onconscious conflict. The narrative is constructed through the secondary processes of organization,
temporality et cetera, while primary, unconscious processes play a part as well.

Full PDF

October 5th, 2014